European Fatherhood
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Welcome to the website on European Fatherhood.

We present information on men, equality, and fatherhood in Europe.

The content is for professionals working in the area as well as anyone interested in the subject.

 

 
 
 
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Becoming a parent is a unique psychological experience for men too. It’s an opportunity for reflection and personal growth, and a challenge in terms of balancing life and work. Encouraging and helping fathers greet this opportunity and challenge in a positive way has significant benefits –for the father, the child and the family as a whole.

Preparing men to take an active role in child care is also is an effective strategy for preventing male postnatal psychological problems. Once such problems arise many men are still reluctant to seek help. The partner or a female relative often makes the initial contact to a psychologist or therapist.

Knowledge

 
published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

European fathers on parental leave a statistical overview

The Scandinavian countries lead the statistic on European fathers taking parental leave. In most other European countries the actual number of fathers who take parental leave is low, and yet relatively high considering the barriers. The statistics indicate a strong correlation between incentives and parental leave.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Men too are competent caregivers

Research has shown men to be just as capable as women of building close affectionate bonds with their infants and in providing the care needed for healthy psychological and social development in the child. Social structures must be created to make it easier for men to take time out to be with their infants.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Male Postnatal Depression an overview

Men too can suffer postnatal depression – especially when their partners do, but generally twice as many women are diagnosed. Historically the explanation for this was the female physiology. However, recent studies indicate that men can display gender specific symptoms and the concept of Male Postnatal Depression must be understood on its own terms.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

European fathers on parental leave behind the figures

The number of European men taking parental leave is rising, but how do men personally experience their leave? What kind of reactions are they met with by friends, family, colleagues and the community? What are the reasons for men taking parental leave and are their expectations realistic?

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Health care services must favour fatherhood too

Fathers-to-be participate increasingly and are often very engaged in every aspect of pre- and post-natal services and activities. However, health care services often maintain guidelines and practices, which favour the mother and directly or indirectly exclude fathers from participating in birth related activities. New guidelines and practices are required.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Male Postnatal Depression symptoms

Symptoms of Male Postnatal Depression are generally similar to women's. However, some men show different symptoms, which have not previously been accepted as depressive symptoms. The father's psychological well being significantly affects the child's condition;it is therefore of great value and importance to improve our ability to read these symptoms.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Male Postnatal Depression intervention with psychotherapy

An untreated male postnatal depression can have many and serious consequences for the child and the family as a whole. Effective therapy should focus on the man's relationship with his own parents, and his current relationship with his child. Different schools of therapy have all shown themselves to be effective.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 18th 2007

Male Postnatal Depression overcoming gender stereotypes

Information and understanding are essentials in overcoming gender stereotypes surrounding male postnatal depression. They are also key preventive measures, and should be provided prior to birth. Helping men who show symptoms of postnatal depression is of utmost importance as it supports the family as a whole.

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Best practice

 
published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Educating professionals in helping men become fathers

In Denmark special training programmes have been set up to help health care and social service professionals  assist men who are becoming fathers. Educational programmes have been run for midwifes, nurses, psychologists, psychotherapists, and social counsellors. Seminars and lectures have been held for GPs and obstetric doctors. A framework is suggested.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Educating health professionals about Men and Mood disorders

Men's increased participation in pre- and postnatal activities presents an argument for educating health professionals about male mood disorders related to the transition to fatherhood. The aim is to help health professionals become more attentive to men with depressive reactions to fatherhood and help them become more proficient in interacting with these men.

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Future

 
published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Towards better communication between health professionals and fathers

Services for assisting men in their role as fathers are still not well developed enough. This is mainly due to a lack of understanding of fatherhood issues and a need for greater skills of intervention. Fatherhood specific communication and services are needed to support men's transition to fatherhood – both in terms of men’s specific needs and occasional difficulties during this profound change in their lives.

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published January 17th 2007
last updated January 17th 2007

Future research projects a catalogue of ideas

Men, fathers and the issue of fatherhood is underrepresented in all aspects of child related research. It does not reflect changes in men's understanding of themselves as fathers and the psychological, sociological, economic and health related effects of these changes. This article maps the need for future research projects.

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published January 29th 2007
last updated January 29th 2007

Ethnic minority fathers between traditional and new father roles

A study of how ethnic minority fathers perceive fatherhood, and how this inflects attitudes towards gender equality in the family as a whole. 

By associate professor, Ph.d. Kenneth Reinicke

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With support from the European Community - Programme relating to the Community Framework Strategy on Gender Equality (2001-2006).The information contained in this website does not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the European Commission.